the middle ages

The castle of Calamecca has played an important role in the medieval history of the Pistoia area.
The first historical sources regarding the Calamecca toponym dates back to 776 and is contained in a document concerning the purchase of land with houses by a noble of Longobard origin, Winifredo of Willerado.
From the mid-eleventh century it becomes an important stop on ancient roads, being well connected by a network of roads secondary to the main road, which connected the valleys of Pescia, Pistoia, Serravalle Pistoiese, Femminamorta, Casa di Monte, Piteglio , Prunetta.
In 1182, due to the obstinate indiscipline of its inhabitants towards the central authority of Pistoia, the fortified castle of Calamecca was razed to the ground by the Pistoia armies after a long siege (only in 1332 the fortress was rebuilt by Pistoia).
In 1290 Calamecca and Lanciole, both of the Ghibelline faction, were conquered by the Guelphs of Spino da Trivulzio de’ Panciatichi, whose stronghold was in the Guelph Crespole.
In 1335 the castle of Calamecca came under the control of the Florentines.