the sixteenth century, Francesco Ferrucci

In the sixteenth century, the story of Calamecca is enriched, in connection with the acts of the Florentine hero Francesco Ferrucci, become a symbol of the Republic of Florence and also quoted in the Inno di Mameli, the Italian national anthem. On August 1, 1530, Ferrucci, who was in Pisa, called to the rescue of Florence, besieged by the imperial and pontifical army.
Pressed by the papal troops led by Fabrizio Maramaldo, he climbed the valley of Pescia until Calamecca, where he spent the night of August 2 to 3. He felt safe because Calamecca was a stronghold of the Cancellieri (opponents of the Panciatichi allies of the Medici), so friends of the Florentine Republic. On the morning of August 3, the Republican army reached Gavinana where he found the enemy. Ferrucci, wounded, was captured and brought before Captain Maramaldo, who stabbed him; but before he died, the story told him that he found the strength to say the famous phrase, “Coward, you strike a dead man.”
In the square of Calamecca, in the name of the Florentine hero, is on the right wall of the castle door a plaque commemorating the passage of Ferrucci. The inscription of prof. Ciro Goiorani, poet and patriot of the Risorgimento, compares Ferrucci to the king of Sparta Leonida who, with a handful of men, sacrificed himself for the Greek people during the epic battle of Thermopylae: “Il dì pria che spirasse – sulle pistoiese Termopili – l’anima che fu in lui Leonida – qui sostò Francesco Ferrucci – coi morituri campioni – della repubblica fiorentina – vittima pattuita – d’un bacio pontificio imperiale – emulato in infamia non superato in viltà – dal pugnale di Maramaldo”.